The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child: Simple Copy or Contextualized Supplement to the Convention on the Rights of the Child?

Author:

Thierno Souleymane BARRY

L.DD., Laval University – Sherbrooke University, Canada, Professor, Général Lansana Conté de Sonfonia University-Conakry, Conakry, Guinea.

Abstract:

The Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted in 1989 devotes all States community’s attention to children; thus, translating the rights of the Child into legal terms. And since the Child occupies an important place in the cultural context of a given region, the rights should reflect this assertion. In Africa, an African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child has come to meet this requirement. This article examines whether or not the African Charter is a mere copy of the Convention. In addition to being a continuation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child constitutes an adapted instrument, an adequate response for the effective protection of the rights of the Child. The article attempts to demonstrate the originality of the African framework to protect children’s rights and possible improvements to make the framework more effective.

Keywords:

Rights of the Child, Convention on the Rights of the Child, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, Universality, African Context.

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